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Muscle tone

‼ ️ A very popular question at the reception: “And our child has a tonus. What to do with https://pillintrip.com/ru/medicine/lustral?”

✅First, you need to understand that muscle tone is always present in all people, maintaining a given body position and helping to carry out movements.
However, the muscle tone in both the baby and the adult must be physiological, that is, correct

✅Muscle tone is the minimum tension in skeletal muscles maintained by the body in a state of complete rest. The fact is that even if the child is completely relaxed, his muscles should still be in a certain tense state – in good shape. It is due to the tone that the pose is maintained, and not only the movements are carried out

✅The very first movements of the child, even in utero, occur due to muscular-articular feeling and muscle contraction, with the help of them the child can feel his position in space

✅The peculiarities of the tone are due to the fact that the baby spends the first 9 months of life in the cramped uterus, where his limbs and the whole body are located as compactly as possible, and the baby has practically no opportunity to actively move the body by the time of birth. All his muscles are in a state of tension. Therefore, most of the muscle groups of the newborn at the time of birth are in a state of physiological hypertonicity.

✅There is a peculiarity of the distribution of tone by muscle groups – in the flexors it is higher than in the extensors, therefore the arms and legs of the child are brought to the body, but the head is usually slightly thrown back. This is NORMAL for newborns and babies in the first months of life.

✅ Muscle tone largely depends on the physical condition of the child, his constitution and the characteristics of the nervous system. When crying, anxiety or screaming, the tone usually increases. In addition, in excitable children, it will also differ from calmer babies due to the performance of a larger range of movements.

✅This must be taken into account during the consultation.
At the reception, the child is often in unusual and uncomfortable conditions, crying.

✅ Muscle hypertonicity persists symmetrically until about 3-4 months, and then it gradually decreases – first, the tone in the flexors decreases (up to 5-6 months), and then evenly decreases in all muscle groups, by 1.5-2 years muscle tone the child should become about the same. like an adult.