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Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a functional bowel disorder manifested by various bowel movements and/or abdominal pain (abdominal pain) for at least 3 months.

Ingesting doctors observe that up to 20% of adults suffer from signs of this syndrome, although it can also debut in childhood. Women in high-income countries are particularly affected. Some of them use this drug for relief: https://pillintrip.com/medicine/doltrix.

Causes
The origin of IBS and the exact mechanisms of its formation continue to be studied. To date, it is believed that the main role belongs to the psychosocial characteristics of patients and disorders of sensitivity and bowel motility. In such patients an imbalance in the production of some active substances influencing the bowel function (cholecystokinin, histamine, endorphins, bradykinin, serotonin, neurotensin, enkephalins, etc.) is revealed.

The development of this syndrome is often predisposed to:

Frequent stress;
physical or sexual abuse;
intestinal infections;
genetic predisposition.
Symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome
Patients with IBS have the following symptoms:

pains of varying intensity and duration:

they almost never bother at night when falling asleep;
The nature of the pain varies from colicky to throbbing pain;
their location also varies, but more often they are localized in the lower abdomen or migrate from one part of the abdomen to another;
pains are provoked by psycho-emotional stress, physical – overstrain, may be associated with menstruation;
after stools, the pains eliminate or, on the contrary, intensify;
– diarrhea:

May occur as a result of urgent urges;
Stools are more often of a mushy or liquid consistency;
Normal daily volume up to 200 g;
Sometimes liquid stools are preceded by stools of normal or even solid consistency;
Emptying occurs mostly in the morning;
A perception that the defecation is not complete enough may occur;
No stools at night;
– constipation:

chronic stool retention for more than 2 days;
Regular but difficult stools;
small volume of stools (less than 100 g) with bowel movement is possible;
Sometimes after emptying, there is a feeling of insufficient cleansing of the intestine;
admissible admixture of mucus in stool;
– bloating of the abdomen (sometimes local), accompanied by rumbling and disappearing after bowel emptying

– Psycho-emotional disorders (unstable mood, depression, hysteroid, excessive fears and obsessive thoughts about their own health, aggressiveness, inadequate response to situations, etc.)

– manifestations of other organs and systems associated with impaired visceral sensitivity (headaches, cold feet and hands, potency disorders, a lump in the throat, urinary disorders, nausea, chest pain, dissatisfaction with breathing, etc.).

Some patients describe their feelings in a very emotional, long and colorful way, supporting them with pictures of defecation, diary entries and knowledge gleaned from medical or popular books or the Internet. But they usually lack weight loss, alarming stool impurities (pus, blood), and fever. Symptoms of IBS are rare when they debut suddenly and after the age of 50.